Types of WORKING DOGS // Service Animal vs Emotional Support Animal (Updated for 2021)

Types of WORKING DOGS // Service Animal vs Emotional Support Animal (Updated for 2021)

In this video, I discussed the different types of working dogs and what makes a dog a service animal vs therapy animal vs emotional support animal. There are many service dog types, and the terminology can get confusing! What about the definition of a search and rescue dog? What about the definition of a psychiatric service dog? SO MANY DOGS!

I also shared the definition of an emotional support dog, the definition of a working dog, what types of service dog are there, and the different types of service dog. I briefly touched on the training requirements and flight requirements for service dogs, emotional support dogs, and therapy dogs. Because the rules changed this year, I also explained the changes to esa access rights in 2021.

At the end, I shared examples to test your knowledge. Can an emotional support animal fly on airplanes? Can a service dog fly on airplanes? What is the training required for a service dog, the training required for an esa, and the training required for a therapy dog? What are the rules for service dogs? What are access rights for esa and what are access rights for service dogs?

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○ Gear Haul Video: https://youtu.be/HWBsp0x3de0
○ Custom Harness: The Golden Life, LLC on Etsy
○ Basic Service Dog Vest – https://amzn.to/35PSjpy
○ Service Dog Bandana – https://amzn.to/3iJTpHd
○ Doggy Backpack – https://amzn.to/2RFtwfM
○ Dog Booties (shoes) – https://amzn.to/2ZRRfOd
○ One Foot Leash – https://amzn.to/32IgiVI
○ Over-shoulder 6.5′ leash – https://amzn.to/2Ef38q1
○ Small Collapsibowls – https://amzn.to/3hNeQ8S

○ Buddy’s Migraine Tasks: https://youtu.be/ldqxgoOSqz8
○ Buddy’s POTS Tasks: https://youtu.be/dFIozWfdFEE
○ Service Dog GEAR HAUL: https://youtu.be/HWBsp0x3de0
○ Buddy Responding to a Faint on Camera (second half): https://youtu.be/OWgm6ynBpuQ
○ “Mistakes” https://youtu.be/Pq-WnHcwL9s
○ Buddy’s BIRTHDAY! https://youtu.be/foMB9IahkSw
○ Access Issues at the Grand Canyon: https://youtu.be/D8vqPb3Co7Q
○ Trips for Travel: https://youtu.be/_M2jV3oL-P8
○ Service Dog Training Philosophy: https://youtu.be/IrjeRasJlWo
○ On-Duty vs Off-Duty Walks: https://youtu.be/ZdhXUCvpKSY
○ Dog Training with Structured Play: https://youtu.be/AdhW_frX0TE
○ Buddy does the LEAVE IT Challenge!: https://youtu.be/xz8tU8EJZfg
○ The Unexpected Benefits of having a SD: https://youtu.be/2aNrhBwufE8
○ The TRUTH about having a Service Dog: https://youtu.be/taazLuYZdqo
○ If you see a Service Dog in Public: https://youtu.be/Ov9YUE1kRUs
○ Working my Service Dog during COVID: https://youtu.be/wkRDI1we64o

DISCLAIMER: Links included in this description might be affiliate links. If you purchase a product or service with the links that I provide I may receive a small commission. There is no additional charge to you! Thank you for supporting Momming with Migraine so I can continue to provide you with free content each week!


  1. Vegito_ Blue on October 3, 2022 at 9:13 am

    Is it true that ESA documents or certificate has to be renewed every year?

  2. AmeliaRainASMR on October 3, 2022 at 9:13 am

    I don’t know if I have PTSD but I have a lot of the symptoms, can earthquakes make you have PTSD? Because its really the only traumatic thing I have ever experienced.

  3. Azarelle Diaz on October 3, 2022 at 9:15 am

    Young lady, not only are you very beautiful but a great speaker too. Thanks for a great video. The question I have is how do you go about training a dog to recognize when a medical event is about to take place like seizures.

  4. Jordan Darling on October 3, 2022 at 9:15 am

    From my experience, therapy dogs have to complete classes with specific obedience training in a therapy dog class. My grandma has been doing it for years with her dogs so she can take them to hospitals and nursing homes.

  5. Eric Taylor on October 3, 2022 at 9:16 am

    9:30 Not all working dogs do what the should. Sometimes they make bad judgment calls.
    I was working as a lift operator at a ski area and very often the lift operators are the last or second to last people off the mountain at the end of the day.
    On this day I was second to last because the kind ski patrolman and his rescue dog who was a good friend (the ski patrol guy, not the dog) was helping me tear down my lift (all the ropes and other stiff at the top of the lift).
    So, we get everything torn down and I take my fake leg off, stuff it down my back pack and get ready to ski down.
    My personal ski pants are tailored (do you know how hard it is to spell that word like that when your surname is Taylor?) to fit my stump, but I’m wearing my uniform pants, so I just let the empty pantleg flap in the breeze for the run down off the mountain.
    The dog didn’t ski, but he loved to run, and he could run *FAST.* We had a strict prescribed route to follow coming off the mountain for safety reasons because as lift operators we were often coming down behind the final ski patrol sweep.
    "If you don’t fancy spending the night on the mountain, follow the route"
    It was usually the easiest, most boring route back, but that didn’t mean it was a bunny run. This particular run had a long flat part though that required entry with a fair abound of speed.
    The dog had not seen many amputee skiers and for some reason he objected to my flapping pantleg. Without warning he grabbed it right at the start of the flat part and made me fall.

    He went back to his handler pleased as punch and was shocked at the reaction he got. I was pissed, but not too pissed, he was a very sweet dog, and he was only doing what he thought he should be doing.
    I had to have the pants replaced, but at least they didn’t make me pay for them. I did make my friend tow me through the flat spot.

  6. Ana Banana on October 3, 2022 at 9:17 am

    You are such a wonder and so inspiring!
    (I hope interaction helps with views)

  7. Mommyofpiglets on October 3, 2022 at 9:17 am

    I am so confused on where my dog stands on this list.. I had a dog who could sense my pain levels and would go get help if I was stuck in bed due to chronic pain (as I type this I’m going through a neurostimulator trial) but he was cool to just chill all day in bed with me or if I was doing ok He’d go outside for a little bit. So my doctors really pushed the idea of getting a 2nd dog to keep me moving (I was stuck in bed for 4 years from serious pain). So he technically has, and does, his task as well as he carries things like groceries for me. Where I live I would have to take him and go through a test to see how he would act in public but he’d fail because his love or food is so strong he’d sit there begging for scraps. I love him so much but he would have definitely been a service dog "reject" because of his love of food and also he puts your hand in his mouth to show you what he would like.

  8. Techrider etc. on October 3, 2022 at 9:18 am

    Therapy dogs get an ID card, certification paper and vest from the organization but that’s it

  9. Whatever on October 3, 2022 at 9:18 am

    I am not sure if it was for the location that the therapy dog worked but it required a bathe every time it went in to help keep the health of the clients safe because their hair could carry something that might spread illnesses. And I would think you would now you would be asked to wash your hands before and after petting them.

  10. Lia Nutter on October 3, 2022 at 9:20 am

    I currently have an ESA dog. If I were to train her to lay on me (etc) before or during a panic attack due to mental health conditions, would she be considered a service dog?

  11. Tourennatrix on October 3, 2022 at 9:23 am

    I really appreciate how you covered ESAs in this. So many videos I’ve seen about ESAs all seem to focus on how people are just taking advantage of the system and making it hard for everyone else. However, they exist for a reason and they’re not ALL bad! I have an ESA letter from my therapist allowing me to keep my cat in my apartment to help ease my depression and anxiety. And while it would be nice to be able to snuggle my kittycat on airplanes, I know she would not handle this well- so I would follow the rules and treat her as a pet for the duration of the flight. It’s sad that so many people try to get around this without proper public access training. So I guess… from a person with an ESA to a Service Dog Handler, thanks for not throwing ESAs under the bus! <3 <3 <3

  12. Jacolien youknow on October 3, 2022 at 9:25 am

    In a couple of months I hope to have my own buddy 🙂 (also a golden retriever)
    I think it’s really weird that in the USA you can train your own service dog and then they have all service dog rights. In that way everyone can say that their dog is a service dog and is allowed in shops etc. Or doesn’t it work like that? Here in the Netherlands you have to officially train them with special instructors. I think that’s logical. But the downside is that it is very expensive… I have to buy €20.000 before  I can start training. So, my (foster) parents started a crowdfunding. We’re almost at 25%! 🙂

  13. Jimmie Vrchota on October 3, 2022 at 9:25 am

    Starting with the little lick on the knee Buddy was alerting for some time more and more urgently of a faint. I’m so glad you have a service dog that is tasked the way he is. Before that would’ve snuck up on you. He really wants you to lay down. I spent a good portion of the video going hes really getting persistent perhaps you should lay down. Also I could hear the air hunger starting.

  14. Anderson Pommer on October 3, 2022 at 9:25 am

    I have a question
    I’m turning 16 next week and I was recently approved for an ESA because my anxiety is so bad I can’t enter a store by myself without crying, but an ESA won’t be able to follow me into the store and I’m nervous to bring up the possibility of having a psych dog to my therapist
    How should I bring it up?

  15. Brianne Howard on October 3, 2022 at 9:28 am

    Have you seen YouTube channel Service Dog Paws? Pls check out her channel everyone. She just went through a horrible experience at 36wks pregnant being denied treatment at a hospital because of her perfectly behaved SD. It was so wrong, trying to spread awareness everywhere I can about this.

  16. MO Jo Mama on October 3, 2022 at 9:29 am

    Seems like therapy dogs need to have flight/housing rights…trained and calm but no rights kinda seems shady to me….if we just add a line or two about ESA training (or not being a problem + potty trained) I feel they should have flight rights too…

  17. Ginger's Life on October 3, 2022 at 9:30 am

    One of my teachers has a puppy who is super friendly and a few of us were trying to convince her to get him certified as a therapy dog so he could come to class she said mabye but I think it was just so she could get back to teaching and is going to continue to send him to doggy day care

  18. Pattrice Gray on October 3, 2022 at 9:30 am

    My dogs are ESAs but I wouldn’t subject them to the stress of flying free in the cabin. I would prefer to keep them in the carrier under my seat because should they act up I would be more stressed. It would be a matter of their presence

    Buddy is saying mommy I’m trying to task. And wondering where his treats are.

  19. Jelleybean18 on October 3, 2022 at 9:31 am


  20. Jemby Stewart on October 3, 2022 at 9:32 am

    Just to make sure I understand. Bottom line. If u can prove u have a disability then your legal right u can have a service dog. So paper work always with u on disability.

  21. Aryanna on October 3, 2022 at 9:32 am

    About E.S.A’s. What if you have the dog to help with stress and you need said animal in public places for that reason? How would you proceed for the right training for it or the right permissions if it’s possible to fo that?

  22. Moonchaserstudio on October 3, 2022 at 9:34 am

    My Dr has recommended a service animal. I will be owner training mine. How do I simulate air travel? I’ve seen videos of plenty well trained service dogs freaking out on planes, during take off. Is there a specific way to train for this, ahead of time?

  23. Eva Antonia on October 3, 2022 at 9:35 am

    This was really interesting, thank you <3

  24. Momming with Migraine on October 3, 2022 at 9:36 am

    Obviously meant aircraft cabin, not aircraft carrier. Keyboard warriors, get out of here!

  25. Built On The Rock Homestead on October 3, 2022 at 9:36 am

    I have 2 livestock guardian dogs out protecting my goats. Only certain breeds can be an LGD. A lot of it is innate in their genetics, but a lot of training is also required so the dogs know what behavior is acceptable. My dogs don’t get reactive when goat kids jump all over them or a chicken walks by. That required training.

  26. Azarelle Diaz on October 3, 2022 at 9:38 am

    Among the best videos I’ve seen as I’m looking for information on how to train my puppy to alert me on my specific needs.

  27. Hddhb Cidjeb on October 3, 2022 at 9:39 am

    I live in Ireland and emotional support animals aren’t recognised and your can’t get a service dog for mental disabilities. It’s really sad because they could really help me and a lot of people

  28. Emily Graham on October 3, 2022 at 9:39 am

    Do I know all of this? Yes. Am I gonna watch it all and watch the ads so I can support you? Also yes.

  29. bryn aoki on October 3, 2022 at 9:41 am

    Always appreciate your videos! This is so helpful!

  30. Natalie Weber on October 3, 2022 at 9:42 am

    In Germany ESA Dogs go to the same Training like service dogs do. The meet the same standards. But still they don’t have public access. Service dogs need to be able to perform 3 tasks, while ESA only perform one or two tasks. In Germany all service dogs accept for guidedogs had the same problems till a new law allowed them to enter. Same with ESA now. I take my ESA everywhere because she is trained like a service dog. I simply tell the people she is a dog for disabled people. I have paperwork, because in Germany we have to have paperwork.

  31. Kaesar Sm on October 3, 2022 at 9:42 am

    Buddy <3

  32. CKay on October 3, 2022 at 9:42 am

    My old science teacher, in my last year at that school, was training a service dog for her mom. Her mom’s old service dog was retiring and so she got a puppy and brought him to school (with the principal’s consent ofc). She said that the loud, noisy environments from middle school kids would help desensitize him in environments. We were informed of his presence but honestly it was like he was never there at the same time. incredibly cool, I think. I got to see what it was like for service dogs in training (sort of) before I even realized my infatuation with service animals. It’s crazy. The first service dog in training I meet, at my own middleschool. And then, since I moved states I saw my first ever service dog. Was hyped for that. The other day, i even saw a fake service dog. Really upset and triggered me, i wasn’t able to recover for the first 15 minutes of our shopping trip.
    I just thought I’d share. thank you!

  33. Katarina Garcia on October 3, 2022 at 9:43 am

    As a handler myself, I’ve had my fair share of "service animals" lunging, barking, etc at me and my dog. I don’t want to put a negative light on people who actually need ESA, I’m talking about pet owners. I work in retail so this, unfortunately, happens often. I’m just glad she never reacts and stays focused on me. I have the same point of view about planes and emotional support animals. I’ve had bad experiences with untrained dogs on planes so I haven’t flown anywhere in years. But I also have a lot of kids, even adults, trying to pet my dog in public. The general public knowledge about service animals is lacking proper social standards and information. Love this video and thank you for put this type of information out there. I hope people learn from this and stop bringing their pets into the public.

  34. Megs Mari on October 3, 2022 at 9:43 am

    Hiiiii can you please please please share with me some of your fav videos you used to train buddy!?
    Your videos are my favs but I need moreeeee examples of how to train them! Lol!

  35. Kathy C on October 3, 2022 at 9:44 am

    Therapy Dogs are used to go into Hospitals and Rehab Centers to visit patients, cheer them up, and sometimes lie on the bed with them. They also go into schools and public Libraries.
    There’s an organization called Bark Dogs that go to school s and have the low readers practice reading to them .(they tell the kids the dog is in training and reading to the dog helps it learn to be still. They don’t know they were chosen because they are reading below their grade level.

  36. Chicklet64 on October 3, 2022 at 9:49 am

    Theory reconfirmed: Buddy is a lap dog and all around good boy. Also freaking adorable!

  37. Eric Taylor on October 3, 2022 at 9:57 am

    6:30 this actually is a huge loss thanks to selfish people who want to keep there untrained pets with them. Now people who need emotional support may not have that when they need it most.

  38. King UwU on October 3, 2022 at 10:00 am

    How much is a service dog? I wanted to get a companion for my depression and social anxiety cause it gets so bad where I’ll lock up and not respond or I start shaking. I feel like it’ll really help me

    I’ve been finding many different prices and I can’t find one exact price that is the actual price

  39. JT JC on October 3, 2022 at 10:00 am

    The removal of ESA’s protection just means that people will actually take seeing service dogs seriously. This goes WAY beyond just cabins of airlines, this is every day run ins workers have in retail and food industries.

    From an outside perspective, and past experience working in both retail store and food service, people will bring in their pets into a store. When informed that only service dogs are ok by policy the owners claim it’s an ESA and it’s protected blada blah and just raise hell. Not wanting conflict, we say ok and then proceed to watch the dog pester other customers, pee on the floor or raise their leg… in a food service building…, bark at normal noises or other customers, and just generally misbehave by any public standard until we’re forced to tell them to remove the dog.

    It’s maddening to deal with. I know that disability service dogs are the most important extension of the handler’s life. You never want to assume a person with a dog isn’t legitimate, but damn if people with badly trained pets aren’t making that difficult.

  40. junonás on October 3, 2022 at 10:02 am

    sometimes i wish my dog was still a puppy so i could train him to be a psych service dog and help with my dissociative episodes, i’d feel a lot safer in public having someone there to lead me somewhere safe and make sure i don’t fall into a ditch or walk into traffic and things like that

  41. Ashley McLean on October 3, 2022 at 10:02 am

    I am so happy I found you. I just watched you’re diagnosis video and need to say thank you. I have almost given up on doctors and a real diagnosis. A few months ago I noticed a HUGE change in my symptoms and pretty much get told I’m crazy and lying. My symptoms are crazy debilitating and I’m scared I’m not not going to be able to fulfill my dreams because of migraines. I’ve tried everything including botox and nothing worked but gave me crazy unwanted side effects.

  42. Sam Gay on October 3, 2022 at 10:05 am

    Did you task train Buddy yourself? I’m curious about this process!

  43. rebecca beattie on October 3, 2022 at 10:05 am

    Thank you so much for this! would anyone have any advice who I can reach out to regarding ESA denial? My 17 year old son is renting an apartment in orlando florida, a dorm style apartment. The landlord is threatening to evict my son because he will not accept the ESA letter from Brodys psychologist and the certification. ITs a little cat. He stay in dorm apartment called homestay anywhere, lexington . The landlord has bullied him, stating he is going to sentd the sheriff there and ruin his ability to every rent again, causing him not to be able to attend college.

  44. Eric Taylor on October 3, 2022 at 10:06 am

    Consider that dogs have been bred for well over 10000 years to serve human (perhaps over 20000 years) and you could say that ALL dogs are "working" dogs, even if their work is just to provide companionship, or decoration. Though I think using a live animal as decoration is unethical.

  45. Abby Dwyer on October 3, 2022 at 10:06 am

    I have an ESA bunny and while I agree with airlines being more strict do to untrained animals it also annoys me being that my ESA is not a typical animal that can be brought on any plane. It is not like I am trying to work the system so she doesn’t have to go as cargo I actually have a need for her I have anxiety depression and autism and she helps so much and she is very well trained.

  46. Snowdrop 17 on October 3, 2022 at 10:07 am

    I’m training my 4 month old puppy named, Garrett, to be my ESA and this video actually helped me understand that I’ve been going about it the wrong way. Thank you!

  47. Eva K on October 3, 2022 at 10:08 am

    I’d like to know how that works, if there is no registry or any other way to prove your dog is actually a service dog. People with ESAs could just lie to anyone and say it’s an service animal or dog if it’s a dog. And no one could tell them not to go into the store or the like. If I remember correctly it’s forbidden to deny a person with a service dog enrty to a place where there would have acsess to.
    Are people even allowed to ask what ‘working dog’ your dog is?
    What places are service dogs not allowed to go?
    Could bus or cab drivers or owners of a small shop or diner or the like forbid you to enter with Buddy because they are highly allergic to dogs?

  48. Alexandra Calvert on October 3, 2022 at 10:10 am

    The decrease of ESA protections is devastating. The response should be to increase the training requirements of ESA’s not to decrease the rights. My brother is autistic and greatly benefits from his ESA. While we havent had to take his ESA on a plane for a long time, in his youth he would have done much better taking his cat on a plane. He had trouble bonding to dogs and had a strong connection with his cat, and he is not the only autistic child like that. I agree the lack of training is very problematic, but like I said a better answer would be to increase the requirements of training or qualifying factors for an ESA and not make it so vague.

  49. Kaesar Sm on October 3, 2022 at 10:10 am

    Buddy: Im being annoying? I just wanna take a nap, I’ve alerted you several times already ;P

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